The humanitarian assistance is material or logistical assistance provided for humanitarian purposes, typically in response to humanitarian crises including natural disaster and man-made disaster. The primary objective of humanitarian aid is to save lives, alleviate suffering, and maintain human dignity. It may therefore be distinguished from development aid, which seeks to address the underlying socioeconomic factors which may have led to a crisis or emergency.
Non Government Organizations commonly known as NGOs briefly are a party of civil society and are classified into two categories which are national and international organizations.
FSDS’s partnership approach makes it different. It works through global non aligned networks and with local partners on the ground. When it helps people, it works with them, so that they drive the entire process themselves. Solutions are not imposed on the people it helps. Instead, they become the authors of their own destiny.
FSDS works with several agencies in the charitable networks mainly Caritas channels to implement emergency and development programmes and to advocate on social justice issues.
The Caritas network is made up of 162 Catholic charities working in 200 countries and territories around the world. FSDS is a member of the CIDSE (Coopération Internationale pour le Développement et la Solidarité, in French or International Cooperation for Development and Solidarity, in English) alliance of 16 Catholic development organisations from Europe and North America. FSDS’S membership of CIDSE is essential to our advocacy, campaigning and education work for the developing world.
Advocacy is a core priority for CIDSE. Our members work together to advocate on trade and food security, resources for development, global governance, African Union development policy, and security and development.
FSDS’S roots can be found as far back as 1967 when Pope Paul VI wrote his groundbreaking and insightful encyclical “Popularoum Progressio”, which called for people to take notice and respond to the injustices and disparities that were occurring all round the world.
These aims and values still lie at the heart of FSDS today and are underpinned by CST (Catholic Social Teaching) which stresses the dignity of each person and their inalienable human rights, along with their responsibilities, regardless of culture, ethnicity, gender or religion.
As Non Government organization, FSDS is united with similar organisations across the world through CIDSE and the wider faith based network to challenge global structures of injustice.
FSDS has supported projects aiming at promoting a culture of respect for human rights, peaceful conflict resolution, and reconciliation.
These projects focus on raising awareness of human rights and monitoring, basic legal assistance, support to the rehabilitation of the national justice system, conflict mediation, and trauma counseling.
To conclude this party, we can say that FSDS is based ONG working in East African Countries as a development agency. He played and continues to play a role of humanitarian and capacity building organization in southern countries in general and in Rwanda in particular.
The HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE is material or logistical assistance provided for humanitarian purposes, typically in response to humanitarian crises including natural disaster and man-made disaster. The primary objective of humanitarian aid is to save lives, alleviate suffering, and maintain human dignity. It may therefore be distinguished from development aid, which seeks to address the underlying socioeconomic factors which may have led to a crisis or emergency.
This also referred to as CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT is a conceptual approach to development that focuses on understanding the obstacles that inhibit people, governments, international organizations and non-governmental organizations from realizing their developmental goals while enhancing the abilities that will allow them to achieve measurable and sustainable results.
The term capacity building emerged in the lexicon of international development during the 1990s. Today, “capacity building” is included in the programs of most international organizations that work in development, the W.B (World Bank), The United Nations (UN) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) like FSDS. The UNDP outlines that capacity building takes place on an individual level, an institutional level and the societal level :
• Individual Level- Capacity-building on an individual level requires the development of conditions that allow individual participants to build and enhance existing knowledge and skills. It also calls for the establishment of conditions that will allow individuals to engage in the “process of learning and adapting to change” (1989. The Modern World-System III : The Second Era of Great Expansion of the Capitalist World-Economy, 1730-1840s. New York : Academic Press.
• Institutional Level- Capacity building on an institutional level should involve aiding pre-existing institutions in developing countries. It should not involve creating new institutions, rather modernizing existing institutions and supporting them in forming sound policies, oganizational structures, and effective methods of management and revenue control.
• Societal Level- Capacity building at the societal level should support the establishment of a more “interactive public administration that learns equally from its actions and from feedback it receives from the population t large.” Capacity building must be used to develop public administrators that are responsive and accountable.